According to the textbooks, all humans living today descended from a population that lived in east Africa around , years ago. This is based on reliable evidence, including genetic analyses of people from around the globe and fossil finds from Ethiopia of human-like skeletal remains from ,—, years ago. Now a large scientific team that I was part of has discovered new fossil bones and stone tools that challenge this view. Across the globe and throughout history, humans have been interested in understanding their origins—both biological and cultural. Archaeological excavations and the artefacts they recover shed light on complex behaviours—such as tool making, symbolically burying the dead or making art. When it comes to understanding our biological origins, there are two primary sources of evidence: More recently, ancient genetic material such as DNA is also offering important insights.
Neanderthals used thrusting spears to bring down tamer prey in Eurasia, while Homo sapiens, or modern humans, spent hundreds of. In addition to stone tools, Homo habilis probably made simple implements out of be described as advanced or evolved Oldowan tool making techniques. ago to perhaps hundreds of thousands of Homo erectus by a half million years ago.
All people living today belong to the species Homo sapiens. We evolved only relatively recently but with complex culture and technology have been able to spread throughout the world and occupy a range of different environments. Fossils of the earliest members of our species, archaic Homo sapiens , have all been found in Africa.
Sonnet Bring to bear #5 - Outset formerly, non-homo :v
Ancient humans used complex hunting techniques to ambush and kill antelopes, gazelles, wildebeest and other large animals at least two million years ago. The discovery — made by anthropologist Professor Henry Bunn of Wisconsin University — pushes back the definitive date for the beginning of systematic human hunting by hundreds of thousands of years. Two million years ago, our human ancestors were small-brained apemen and in the past many scientists have assumed the meat they ate had been gathered from animals that had died from natural causes or had been left behind by lions, leopards and other carnivores. But Bunn argues that our apemen ancestors, although primitive and fairly puny, were capable of ambushing herds of large animals after carefully selecting individuals for slaughter. The appearance of this skill so early in our evolutionary past has key implications for the development of human intellect. However, we have compared the type of prey killed by lions and leopards today with the type of prey selected by humans in those days.